Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a procedure in which stimulating electrodes are placed into the deep structures of the brain. It is used to treat a variety of conditions caused by abnormal brain signals.
Conditions which can be treated by DBS range from movement disorders to epilepsy. During DBS, tiny wires are implanted into specific areas of the brain – these help provide electrical impulses to correct these abnormal signals, and to improve your symptoms.
Spinal Cord Stimulation (SCS) is a type of neuromodulation that effectively treats mixed pain conditions.
It involves placing an electrode in the spine that is then connected to a painless electrical signal generator. This method works to reduce pain by reducing pain signals before they reach the brain.
Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) is a neuromodulation procedure which is used as a treatment option for drug-resistant epilepsy.
It involves the electrical stimulation of a number of different fibres of the vagus nerve to slow down the irregular brain activity that causes seizures.
Dorsal Root Ganglion (DRG) Stimulation is used to treat chronic pain in areas that are harder to treat with spinal cord stimulation. It involves placing stimulation leads near to nerve bundles to change the messages they send, in order to relieve pain.
Peripheral Nerve Stimulation (PNS) is a form of neuromodulation that targets nerves to treat chronic pain conditions.
It involves surgery to place a small electrical device next to one of the peripheral nerves, with the aim of treating the pain.